Heart Risk

Know Your Numbers

The chart below is a guide you can use to determine what numbers are ideal, what numbers put you at borderline risk for heart disease, and what numbers place you squarely in the high risk category.
Risk Factor
Screening Test
Your Results
Ideal
Borderline High Risk
High Risk
Diabetes
Random (non-fasting) Blood Glucose
200 mg/dL or less

Above 200 mg/dL
Fasting Plasma Glucose Test
Less than 100 mg/dL
100 – 125 mg/dL
126 mg/dL or higher
Blood Pressure
Systolic
Less than 120
120 - 139
140 or higher
Diastolic
Less than 80
80 – 89
90 or higher
Cholesterol
Total Cholesterol
Below 200 mg/dL
201-239 mg/dL
240 mg/dL or greater
LDL – "Bad Cholesterol"
Below 100 mg/dL
131-159 mg/dL
160 mg/dL or greater
HDL – "Good Cholesterol"
60 mg/dL or greater
40-59 mg/dL
Less than 40 mg/dL
Triglycerides
Below 150 mg/dL

150 mg/dL or greater
Obesity
Body Mass Index (BMI)
19 - 24
25 - 29
30 or greater
Waist Circumference
less than 35 inches

35 inches or more

Heart Attack Signs for WomenSymptoms that every woman should know and pay attention to include:
  • Discomfort or pressure in the center of the chest.  It often lasts more than a few minutes, or goes away and returns.
  • Pain in one or both arms, upper back, neck, jaw, or stomach
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Shortness of breath with or without chest discomfort.
  • Breaking out in a cold sweat
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Inability to sleep
  • Unusual fatigue
  • Paleness or clammy skin
  • Fainting
Facts on  High Blood Pressure
Every minute counts!
Call 911 when you begin to have any of these symptoms. Do not wait more than five minutes before calling for help. Don't worry about symptoms being a "false alarm." Don't be concerned about bothering others. When you get to the hospital, ask for tests that would diagnose a heart attack. Treatment of heart attacks is most effective when administered as quickly as possible.
When you have your blood pressure taken, there are two pressures that can be measured.  The first is the systolic reading, which is the pressure put on the arteries as the blood is ejected from the heart.  The diastolic reading is the pressure in between beats, when the heart rests.

  Category
   Systolic/Diastolic
   Normal
   120-129 / 80-84
   High-normal
   130-139 / 85-89
   High blood pressure (measured in a doctor’s office)
   High blood pressure (measured at home with home monitoring
   device)
   High blood pressure for people with diabetes or kidney disease
   140 / 90 or higher
   135 / 85 or higher
   130 / 80 or higher

References:

Canadian Cardiac Network
Sister to Sister Heart Disease Foundation